An artificial pacemaker is an electronic device designed to generate electrical impulses to stimulate the heart when physiological or normal stimulation falters. These impulses, once generated, require a conductive guidewire (electrically conductive catheter) to be placed between them to attain the objective. Thus, a cardiac stimulation system has a generator of electrical impulses (the pacemaker properly speaking) and a wire.
- Double percutaneous puncture (Seldinger technique)
- Right/left subclavian vein
- By way of exception, the jugular
- Local anesthesia
- Once in awhile, general anesthesia